General information

Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is also the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava River, the city is home to about 1.26 million people, while its larger urban zone is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million. The city has a temperate climate, with warm summers.

Prague Weather Forecast


Prague has been a political, cultural, and economic centre of central Europe with waxing and waning fortunes during its 1,100-year existence. Its long history predispose Prague to be a perfect place for those who find joy in sightseeing, and its great cuisine and traditional beer make it a perfect place to spend some pleasant time. The main attractions include the Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, the Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. The city boasts more than ten major museums and other historical exhibits, along with numerous theatres and galleries. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

December also features the spectacular Prague Christmas Market. Surrounded by the festive decoration in the middle of the Old Town Square, you can soak up the festive atmosphere, browse the stalls, and enjoy Christmas carols, hearty food and local drinks.


Prague Public Transport System

Prague has an excellent Public Transport System, which is very efficient and inexpensive. Tickets are available from machines at underground stations, bus stops as well as tram stops (coins are needed), at news agent’s and from offices at the underground station (Hlavni nadrazi, Florenc, Muzeum, Kacerov). Keep in mind that your ticket must be marked before you enter underground station and immediately after you enter the bus or tram. Yellow marking machines are placed at the entrances to the underground station and near the door of the bus and the tram. For prices please visit:


Maps of transport around Prague to be found on


Trams and Metro in Prague

Buses and Metro in Prague

Bus service from the airport to the city centre

Czech Currency

The official currency of the Czech Republic is the Czech crown (koruna), abbreviated as , with the international abbreviation CZK. 1 crown consists of 100 hellers (haléř), abbreviated as hal. Heller coins have not been in use as of September 1, 2008, but hellers are still incorporated into merchandise prices. The final price is always rounded off to the nearest crown value.

The approximate value of 100 CZK is 4 EUR/5 USD.

Coins: 1 Kč, 2 Kč, 5 Kč, 10 Kč, 20 Kč, 50 Kč   View Czech coins
Banknotes: 100 Kč, 200 Kč, 500 Kč, 1000 Kč, 2000 Kč, 5000 Kč   View Czech banknotes

Currencies Accepted

As the official currency, the Czech crown is the best and often the only possible currency to use when paying. Although the Czech Republic is part of the European Union, the euro is not widely accepted here. Some stores, restaurants and hotels accept payments in euros but the exchange rate may not be very good.

General Visa Information

Persons belonging to one of the following categories may stay temporarily in the Czech Republic/Schengen area without a visa:

- citizens of the EU, Iceland, Norway, Lichtenstein, and Switzerland

- citizens/holders of travel documents of a state, with which there exists visa-free regime

- holders of long-term visa "D" issued by any Schengen state - this visa contains a function of a Schengen (short-term) visa;

- holders of a long-term or permanent residence permit in another Schengen state and the stay in the Czech Republic does not exceed 90 days (3 months);

- holders of a permanent residence permit with granted legal status of a European Community resident in the territory of another EU Member State and the stay in the Czech Republic does not exceed 90 days (3 months)

- family members of EU citizens whose visa for a short-stay up to 90 days or transit visa has expired, provided he/she stays in the Czech Republic with an EU citizen and the period of stay does not exceed 90 days (3 months).

You can find more information here


Czech Emergency contacts

Prague has a good network of health services, both state-funded and private, as well as pharmacies and emergency services.
In order to receive urgent care EU citizens must have a European health insurance card. It is also useful to have commercial insurance. Commercial insurance is essential for citizens of non-EU countries, otherwise medical care must be paid for in cash. In case of a problem two emergency numbers can be used:

112 – the universal emergency number
which will connect you to police, fire and ambulance services. This number can even be called from a mobile phone without credit or a SIM card. The operator, who can give advice in foreign languages, will be able to determine your present location.

155 – the emergency number for ambulance services
in the event of danger to life or health and wherever medical attention is required. The operator will give advice on first aid until an ambulance arrives.


You can also dial these numbers directly:

150 – Fire Department
155 – Ambulance
156 – City Police
158 – Police of the Czech Republic
112 – Universal European emergency number


Electricity in the Czech Republic

For Czech Republic there are two associated plug types, types C and E. Plug type C is the plug which has two round pins and plug type E is the plug which has two round pins and a hole for the socket’s male earthing pin. Czech Republic operates on a 230 V supply voltage and 50 Hz.